Russia-Ukraine Crisis: Indian Students Returning From Ukraine
General Yamashita Tomoyuki of the Japanese Army was indicted in 1945 on charges of waging war against prisoners of war and indigenous peoples in the Philippines. The U.S. military commission began hearing the case in the capital, Manila. The commission found General Tomoyuki guilty of war crimes as a top military official. The matter reached the US Supreme Court where two judges objected to the decision. Despite the judges’ objections, General Yamashita was hanged in Manila in 1946.
1946 – Japanese prime minister is hanged in Tokyo prison
The Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal began hearings in 1946 against Japan’s top 28 leaders for killing prisoners of war and others during World War II. Convicts, including former Japanese Prime Minister Tojo Hideki, were sentenced to seven years in prison and sentenced to death. Prime Minister Tojo Hideki was hanged on December 23, 1948, at the age of 63 in the Sugamao prison in Tokyo. The trial began at the International Military Tribunal under the auspices of US Supreme Commander Douglas MacArthur.
1993: Former president dies during hearing
Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic was convicted in 1991 of genocide of people of other faiths, including Bosnian Muslims. In 1993, the UN Security Council filed a war crimes case with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. Milosevic was the first former president to be tried for war crimes, crimes against humanity. However, Milosevic died in 2006 at a UN detention center. The court sentenced 90 people to rigorous imprisonment in the case.
What is the International Criminal Court?
The International Criminal Court (ICC) was formed in 2002 with its headquarters in The Hague, the Netherlands. The ICC hears only four types of cases: war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide and crimes with malicious intent. ICC chief prosecutor Karim Khan says Russia has committed war crimes against Ukraine because its military is directly targeting civilians. Russian President Vladimir Putin is responsible for this horrific situation.
Russia seceded from the ICC in 2016
Russia signed on to become a member of the ICC in 2000. However, Russian President Vladimir Putin postponed his plans to join the ICC in 2016. He made the decision while addressing an ICC hearing on the ongoing Russian occupation of the Russian city of Crimea. Russia then decided to secede from the ICC. Now the Russian president has come under the jurisdiction of this court, with whom he decided to leave seven years ago.
These leaders have come under the JD of the ICC
Saddam Hussein, Iraq’s dictator, was also tried by the United States for war crimes. Former Congolese Vice President Jean-Pierre Bemba Gombo was arrested in 2008 following a warrant issued by the ICC. In 2016, Bemba was convicted of felony criminal mischief and sentenced to 18 years in prison. Sudanese President Omar al-Bashar has been convicted of murder, torture and rape, and an investigation is under way. The ICC has convicted Libyan ruler Muammar Gaddafi, his son and others of war crimes.
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