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Will the Glasgow Conference be the solution? G20 countries do not have any concrete strategy to deal with climate threats

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Before the COP26 climate talks, the G-20 countries have agreed to limit temperature rise to one and a half degrees by the end of the century. But they still lack a concrete strategy to achieve this goal. To achieve the target, the G20 countries needed to express clarity on a number of issues which they did not. According to climate experts, the lack of goals and vision is clearly visible in the declaration of the G-20 countries.

The G-20 countries are responsible for about 75 percent of global carbon emissions. Therefore, the steps they take will prove decisive in tackling climate threats. But the G20 countries’ announcement of agreement on one and a half degrees is tempting but they are not showing the way. It has only been said that the target of net zero carbon emissions will be achieved by the middle of the century. But it has avoided keeping the deadline of 2050 because many countries including China have targets for 2060. Thus the entire emphasis has been on setting long-term goals. There is no clarity on the short-term 2030 targets.

Emphasis on ending dependence on coal-fired electricity

Apart from this, the G-20 countries have decided that they will not invest on coal outside the country. But there is no restriction on the ban on investment within the country. Similarly, there is an emphasis on eliminating dependence on coal-generated electricity to deal with climate hazards. But the manifesto of the G20 countries is silent on this issue. Experts say that if he declares zero carbon emissions, then he should set a time limit to stop using coal. which has not been done.

Similarly, no roadmap has been prepared by the G-20 countries to end the subsidy being given on fossil fuels. Whereas it is very important to promote green fuel.

Rich countries like America and Europe in G-20

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The G-20 includes all the rich countries including Europe, America, Britain, Canada, Russia. But when it comes to climate funding of poor and developing countries, a new date is set again. In 2009 it was decided that wealthy countries would give $100 billion annually to tackle climate spending. Earlier it was to be completed in 2015. Then the date of 2020 was kept. Now the G-20 countries have said to complete it by 2025. Whereas further delay in this can be harmful. Time is being wasted and necessary efforts are not getting started. On the issue of funding, the suggestion of the G-20 countries that efforts should be made to deal with climate threats through the Corona recovery package and development banks, public and private investment, is not favorable to poor and developing countries. Because they need help not loan for this.

G20 countries fail to prepare the ground for COP26

Jennifer Morgan, executive director of Greenpeace International, said the G20 countries have failed to set the ground for COP26 to succeed. His vision and goals are very weak. Ulka Kelkar, Director of Climate Policy, World Resources Institute, said that agreeing to one and a half degrees is a good step. But now the G20 countries must set a decade’s goals and act fast and meet their commitments on climate financing.

Dr. Vaibhav Chaturvedi, Fellow, CEEW said that the developed countries of the G-20 grouping will have to reduce the timing of their Net Zero goals so that developing countries have time to pursue their development priorities and meet their commitments to combat climate change. So to receive. Developed countries expressed their willingness to provide US$100 billion annually to developing countries in the form of climate financing. However, climate finance certainly needs to be increased to accelerate the implementation of climate change action plans.

In the G20 countries, all countries except Russia, India and Argentina have already declared net zero. Therefore, this announcement is also not new if seen. There is no announcement from the G20 forum alone. After this, the pressure on India, Russia and Argentina to declare Net Zero has also increased.

A good initiative has been taken by the G-20 countries that for the first time the role of methane in global warming has been taken seriously. An observatory has also been started for this, whereas till now less attention was being given to it.

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