The cause of militancy and violence in the northeastern region of the country has been in the headlines even after a long time. Assam has witnessed many decades of unrest due to militancy. However, after several settlements, the incidents of militancy have come down. But border disputes with neighboring states and matters like Inner Line Permit and NRC have caused unrest here from time to time.
1. Thousands lost their lives due to militancy
In fact, thousands of people lost their lives due to the seriousness with which the problem of militancy raised its head in Assam since independence. These include several incidents of Bodo militants massacre. Along with this, the terror and violence that the extremist organizations like ULFA spread in the state for two decades, there is no precedent. In 2014, more than 75 tribals were killed in an attack by Bodo militants.
2. Tension over NRC
Security has been beefed up in Assam in 2019 ahead of the publication of the final list of the National Citizen Register (NRC). The reason for this was the fear of violence and the possibility of communal clashes. NRC is a list of Indian citizens living in Assam. It can also be understood as the result of a six-year-long mass movement in Assam against the so-called Bangladeshis who had entered the state illegally.
3. Inner Line Permit
The Inner Line Permit (ILP) system is also responsible for frequent unrest in Assam. Under this, the Inner Line Permit system is in force in four states of the region – Arunachal, Nagaland, Mizoram and Manipur. Without this, no person from outside can reach these states. Apart from this, he can stay there only for the period mentioned in the permit. But the people of those states can move in Assam without any restriction.
4. Border disputes with neighbors
Be it the Assam-Mizoram border dispute or the Assam-Meghalaya border dispute. There have been frequent clashes between these two states and Assam. Especially in the last two-three years, their frequency has increased significantly. Assam has a border of about 512 km with Nagaland. At least 100 people were killed in two major violent incidents in 1979 and 1985. Similarly, in the year 1992, the first violent clash took place on the border between Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. Since then both sides have been accusing each other of illegal encroachment and inciting violence. Violent clashes are also frequently reported along the Assam and Meghalaya border.