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Why is Bihar stuck on caste census?

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In the BJP-ruled states of India, initiatives are being taken to make laws to control the population, while in Bihar, Chief Minister Nitish Kumar, who is ruling with the BJP, is demanding a caste-based census. After all, why is there this controversy? Chief Minister Nitish Kumar, who is running the government with BJP in Bihar, is demanding a caste-based census by calling the population control law unnecessary. Despite the categorical denial of the central government, he has also written a letter to Prime Minister Narendra Modi and is waiting to meet him. The politics has intensified with the Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) chief Lalu Prasad Yadav becoming vocal about this again. The BJP, a key ally of the NDA government in Bihar, is facing a dilemma and is advocating a population control law as part of the party’s strategy. Actually, the whole game is about the vote bank of other backward castes. Their population is said to be 52 percent. There is a competition among the political parties to take the credit of true benefactors of OBCs. The last caste census was conducted in India under the British rule in 1931 on the basis of caste. The data could not be compiled in 1941 due to the outbreak of World War II. After independence, in 1951, a proposal to this effect came to the then Central Government, but Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, who was the Home Minister at that time, rejected the proposal saying that it could disturb the fabric of the society. In the census from 1951 to 2011, only the data related to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes were published. Census was conducted on this basis in 2011, but its report was not released citing unavoidable reasons. It is said that the information about 34 crore people was wrong. More or less, caste census has been demanded before every census.

But, for the first time in the Bihar Legislative Assembly on February 18, 2019 and again on February 27, 2020, a resolution was passed unanimously demanding that the census to be held in 2021 should be caste based. Once again Chief Minister Nitish Kumar has urged the Center to reconsider this. According to the 1931 census, the Other Backward Castes (OBC) constitute 52 percent of the population in the country. The Mandal Commission had also made the basis of this figure, whose report was implemented in 1991. Regional parties can get a new basis for politics by getting the correct figure of OBC population. Regional parties have always been demanding caste census. But, no government at the Center wants to burn its hands on this issue. That is why in 2010, when Manmohan Singh’s government was at the center, leaders like Lalu, Sharad Yadav and Mulayam Singh Yadav had demanded a census on this basis and at that time leaders like P. Chidambaram strongly opposed it. The government is apprehensive that after the caste-based census, all such issues will arise, due to which mutual brotherhood and harmony in the country will be disturbed and peace will be disturbed. The caste whose number is less, they will advocate for more and more children. This will create an odd situation in the society. What to say, the JDU, which is opposing the population control law of the parties, says that the population will not be controlled only by making laws. Chief Minister Nitish Kumar says, “When women are fully educated, the fertility rate will decrease. We think that the population will not increase till 2040 and then this phenomenon will start.

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Look at China, what is happening there now. Educating women will affect every section of the society.” Hindustani Awam Morcha (Hum) chief and former Chief Minister Jitan Ram Manjhi also tweeted supporting Nitish on this issue. Nitish Kumar calls the caste census necessary. His It is believed that such a census will help all castes and by knowing their exact numbers, policies can be made on that basis.The party believes that it will be able to know the population of which caste in which area. Work will be done for their welfare on the basis, as well as the way will be cleared for them to be given proper representation in government jobs and educational institutions.The party’s national president Rajiv Ranjan Singh alias Lalan Singh has clearly said in the Lok Sabha that till the caste OBCs will not get complete justice till the census is not done. RJD chief Lalu Prasad has also played a big bet on this. He has said that if caste census is not done in 2021, then not only Bihar, but all the backward people of the country- Apart from the most backward, people from Dalit and minority communities can boycott the census. Leader of Opposition in Bihar Assembly Tejashwi Yadav says, “For 90 years, there is no accurate information about the population of different castes. All policies related to the advancement of weaker sections are being made on the basis of old data, which cannot be said to be justified.” The stand of the BJP is clear on the caste census. Before passing it in the Rajya Sabha, it has been made clear that there is no intention to conduct a caste census at present, nor will the 2011 caste census data be made public. The RSS has also been opposing the caste census. All parties have their own Strategy In states like Bihar, UP and Haryana, regional parties are in a very strong position and their politics is based on caste, anyway, the interference of backward classes has increased in the politics of the country.

According to an estimate, OBC population in Bihar is 26 percent. Nitish Kumar’s party JDU has been getting the support of other castes except Yadav in OBC, apart from the most backward castes, although it came to number three in the 2020 Bihar Assembly elections. Here, RJD also wants to keep the votes polled in 2020 united, so it is trying to become a true benefactor of OBCs to avoid the dent of JDU in its base. The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), which was once considered a party of upper castes and Banias, has expanded its base among other castes. That’s why she now wants to mobilize OBCs along with Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. Along with this, BJP is also trying to unite Hindus with the help of laws like reservation to poor upper castes and population control. However, the voices of caste census have started emerging in Bihar BJP also. Ramsurat Rai, who became the Minister of Revenue and Land Reforms from BJP quota, said that caste census should also be done and population control law should also be made. Perhaps this is the reason why State BJP President Dr. Sanjay Jaiswal also announced with the announcement of starting Jan Aashiwad Yatra in the state from August 19 and said that the Central Government is discussing all aspects of caste census, after which any decision will be taken on it. . Nura-wrestling is going on in the NDA on the issue of caste census and population control law. Experts believe that the population control law may be marginalized, but the genie of caste census will continue to haunt the political parties, because the existence of caste in Indian society does not seem to be ending soon. Journalist Sukesh Pandey says, “Look at the matrimonial advertisements published in the newspapers of the country. People search for brides and grooms of their own caste even in the 21st century. This is enough to understand the extent to which caste is effective on society”.

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