A private company can extract diamonds by cutting the forests of K. Buxwaha in Madhya Pradesh. But the local people say that they want two lakh trees, not diamonds. What is the solution? When the environment has become the biggest issue of the century, then whether progress should be made at the cost of nature or not, this question is before the courts and governments everywhere. In Madhya Pradesh, India, there is a conflict between the local tribals and the government over the plan to cut two lakh trees for diamond mining. At present, the Madhya Pradesh High Court has banned the process of cutting down the dense forests of Buxwaha located in Bundelkhand area of Madhya Pradesh for diamond mines, but the people who are agitating to save the forest and the wildlife present there are still waiting for the court’s decision. Wait. In addition to the concern of environmentalists, the movement to save the forest for a long time, after the investigation report of the Archaeological Department was presented in the High Court, the High Court has directed to stop mining with immediate effect. The report of the Department of Archeology states that there are stone paintings in the Buxwaha forest which may have been damaged due to mining. A bench of Chief Justice Ravivijay Malimath and Justice Vijay Kumar Shukla of Madhya Pradesh High Court gave these directions while hearing two petitions filed in this matter. The petition, filed by the Citizen Consumer Guide Forum, states that even after giving information about thousands of years old rock paintings in the forest, the Archaeological Department has not declared it a protected area. According to the petitioner’s lawyer Surendra Verma, the forest is historical, between July 10 and 12 this year, the Archaeological Department had completed the survey work in the Buxwaha forest and the same report has been presented in the High Court. Surendra Verma said that on the basis of this survey, a demand was made to ban mining. The report of the Department of Archeology states that there are many sculptures and pillars of Kalchuri and Chandela periods in this forest and they can also be damaged due to mining. In another petition in the same case, the damage caused to the environment due to the cutting of the forest was made an issue and the court was asked to put a stop to it. It has been said in the petition that about 2.25 lakh trees have to be cut for diamond mining. According to the petition, this forest is adjacent to the Panna Tiger Reserve and it comes under the Tiger Corridor.
According to the petitioners, the cutting of this forest will not only pose a serious threat to the environment of the drought-stricken region like Bundelkhand, but will also cause a serious threat to the wildlife. The forest of 3.42 crore carat diamond Buxwaha is in Chhatarpur district of Madhya Pradesh, where it is being told that the country’s largest diamond reserves are buried. About 3.42 crore carats of diamonds are estimated to be buried here and to remove it, about 383 hectares of forest will be cut and diamonds buried inside that land will be extracted. The Forest Department has given an estimated number of trees of the forest at about 2.25 lakh and all these trees will have to be cut during mining. Most of these trees are of teak. Apart from this, Peepal, Tendu, Jamun, Arjun and many medicinal trees are also present here. The largest diamond reserves in India so far are located in Panna district near Chhatarpur, while 15 times more diamonds are estimated to be found in Buxwaha than Panna. In 2000, the Government of Madhya Pradesh conducted a survey with the help of the Australian company Rio Tanto for the discovery of diamonds in the Bundelkhand region. During the survey, the team saw rocks of kimberlite stone at some places. Diamond is found in these kimberlite rocks. In 2002, the Australian company Rio Tinto formally got the job of finding diamonds in the forest of Buxwaha. After a long research, the company started preparations for mining, but due to protests from local people and environmentalists, Rio Tinto withdrew from the project in the year 2016.
Two years ago i.e. in the year 2019, it was re-auctioned and the new license of diamond mine was received by Aditya Birla Group’s Essel Mining Company. One will go to life, social activist and journalist Ashish Sagar, who is active in matters like mining and environment, says that people have been opposing it for a long time but the government is bent on destroying the forest for the greed of diamonds. Ashish says, “Cutting trees to extract diamonds is sure to cause huge damage to the environment. Apart from this, wildlife will also be in danger. The government and the company are misleading people at every level and telling that there will be no harm But earlier the NGT and now the High Court has also realized its seriousness.In the report presented by the government in May 2017, it was said that there were wildlife like leopard, vulture, bear, reindeer, deer, peacock but now the new report I am being told that these wildlife are not here. Amit Bhatnagar, a social activist from Chhatarpur, has been agitating against mining since 2007 due to the damage to the environment and the threat of destruction of prehistoric evidence in the forest. The livelihood of the people of the tribal community is running from the forest itself and thousands of people will face livelihood crisis due to the destruction of the forest. Passes make their living by selling them. After the forest is over, they will have no means of livelihood. The company is talking about providing employment, but the question is how many people have been employed by Rio Tanto and now how many are employed by the Essel company. The biggest loss is our heritage of thousands of years, the oil paintings here, they are getting destroyed and the environment will be destroyed. People’s livelihood and Naya Van Buxwaha The villagers around the forest say that they earn seventy-eight thousand rupees a year by selling the fruits, leaves and wood of the forest and this is enough for their livelihood. . The state government is giving this land on lease to this company for 50 years and 62.
An area of 64 hectares has been marked for diamond extraction. This is where the mine will be built. But the company has asked for 382.131 hectares of forest so that the remaining 205 hectares of land can be used for dumping the debris from the mines. In the pictures, PP Titare, Chief Conservator of Forests, Right to Repair Chhatarpur, says, “There are about 2.15 lakh trees in the forest in the area where mining is to be done. The proposal has been given by the DM of Chhatarpur and even more trees will be planted on this land. The mining company will pay whatever cost will be spent in developing the forest here. Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh are the only three states in India where diamond mining takes place, out of which about 90 percent of the country’s diamonds are produced in Madhya Pradesh. State Mining Minister BP Singh had recently claimed that Buxwaha The forest of K.K. is not very dense, but his claim does not seem right after seeing the forest and talking to the local people. Amit Bhatnagar says that it will take you several hours to walk just two-four kms in the forest. According to him, this It is one of the densest forests of North India.