The UK is working on a number of levels to achieve the goals of zero carbon emissions by 2050. This includes stopping the use of fossil fuels to heat homes, apart from phasing out petrol-diesel-powered cars by 2030. Here the energy consumption in keeping buildings warm is about 20 percent, that is, about 20 percent of greenhouse emissions are due to heating of buildings.
The UK has launched a renewable heat incentive scheme to replace old household gas and kerosene-based systems, in which people are also given a subsidy of £5,000. For this, a budget provision of 45 crore pounds has also been made in the beginning. This scheme is becoming increasingly popular among the people.
Harjit Gill, a former Indian-origin mayor of Gloucester in Birdwood, near the city of Gloucester in England, says the government’s plan is not only reducing carbon emissions but also reducing people’s oil and gas costs. He says that the traditional old boiler system was operated with kerosene and five thousand liters of kerosene was spent annually on its operation. You can imagine how much damage it will cause to the environment if five thousand liters of kerosene is used in a house. But the airsource heat pump that has been installed instead is based on green technology. It is powered by electricity and outside air. It basically works like an air conditioner, which greatly reduces the energy consumption.
According to the Gratham Research Institute in London, if air source heat pumps were installed in all UK homes, it could reduce carbon emissions by up to 14 percent. With this pump, the energy consumption on heating is reduced by 55-60 percent. Whereas after its installation in commercial buildings also, the emission of greenhouse gases will be reduced by 20 percent. But if electricity is also being generated from green sources, then additional reduction in emissions is possible.
Britain has also decided to ban gas or oil-based heating systems in all new homes and commercial buildings built after 2025. Along with this, a campaign has also been started to replace the old heating system in the old 2.5 crore houses and buildings.
Gill says that along with strategizing in climate talks, there is a need to work at the ground level as well. For this it is necessary that people also take interest in it. He said that just as the use of green technology in heating systems has started in Britain, similarly solar energy can be used in India for cooling and heating systems in homes. Although the Indian government is working with big goals for the expansion of solar energy, but if homes are also made energy efficient through solar energy, then it will benefit the environment as well as the people.