The government has notified new abortion rules, under which the gestation period for medical abortion for certain categories of women has been increased from 20 weeks to 24 weeks (from five months to six months). According to the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Rules, 2021, special category of women victims of sexual assault or rape or incest, minors, women whose marital status has changed during pregnancy (became widowed or divorced) Yes) and women with disabilities.
According to the new rule, in a mentally ill woman, the fetus has any deformity or disease which is likely to endanger her life or, after birth, is likely to cause such mental or physical deformity as is likely to cause severe disability, Pregnant women are also included in the areas of humanitarian crisis or disaster or emergency declared by the government. These new rules have been notified under the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2021, passed in Parliament in March.
Under the old rules, abortion of a fetus up to 12 weeks (three months) required the advice of one doctor and medical termination of pregnancy between 12 and 20 weeks (three to five months) required the advice of two doctors. There was According to the new rules, there is any deformity or disease in the fetus due to which its life is endangering or, after birth, it is likely to develop such mental or physical deformity which is likely to cause severe disability, in these circumstances 24 A state-level medical board will be constituted to take a decision regarding abortion after a week (six months).
The job of the Medical Board will be to examine the report of a woman if she comes to him with a request for abortion, and to pass a decision on whether or not to allow an abortion within three days from the date of receipt of the application. The job of the board will also be to see that if it allows abortion, then the entire process is completed safely within five days of receipt of the application and proper counseling of the woman is done.
Poonam Mutreja, executive director of Population Foundation of India (PFI), said that keeping in view the advancements in science and medical technology, the new deadline for abortion, six months should be applicable to all women only ‘special category women’. But not. “We welcome the new rules notified by the Central Government under the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Act, which are a result of the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill passed by Parliament in March, 2021,” he said.
“In view of the advances in science and medical technology around the world over the years, the new deadline for abortion, 24 weeks, should be for all women and not just for special categories of women,” Mutreja said. “Additionally, setting up of medical boards at the state level can become a hindrance in the way women seek abortions as many women find out that they are pregnant much later.”
Dr Jaideep Malhotra, founder of Rainbow IVF and former President of Federation of Obstetric and Gynecological Societies of India, said that it is a “much awaited, sensitive and forward-thinking amendment for both women and gynecologists whose The hands were tied because of the law and they were getting troubled.” Senior gynecologist Dr. Lovlina Nadir said that we welcome the new laws notified by the Central Government under the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Act and it is for women. empowers her to give birth to a child.