After the implementation of these rules, every plastic manufacturer will now have to tell the government how much plastic they will produce in a year and then they will also be responsible for recycling it. Union Environment Ministry to curb plastic waste in India A lot of efforts are being made from the side. After the decision to ban plastic spoon-forks, plastic stick earbuds and even plastic sticks of ice cream from July 2022, now there is a preparation to put the responsibility on the producers of plastic as well. For this, draft rules have been issued by the Ministry of Environment. Through these rules, it has been made mandatory for manufacturers of plastic packaging products by 2024 to collect and recycle at least a part of their total production and use it later. Every possible use of plastic, a system has also been prescribed in this, from where the producers and users of plastic packaging can get the certificate. This system is named Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR). These rules mentioned in the government notification are expected to come into force from December 6. Right now the public’s reaction is being taken on these.
In pictures: Goddess of Plastic There is a plan to use plastic in every way. Only a part of the plastic, which is not recyclable, such as plastic made of multiple elements with multiple layers, will be used in road construction, waste to energy, waste to oil and cement etc. Such disposal can also be done only in such ways, which have been permitted by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPBC). There are three categories of plastic packaging according to the rules made public on October 6, will have to get back their plastic production. The first is ‘hard’ plastic. The second category of plastic is single or multilayer plastic, such as plastic seats or covers made from it, carry bags (including bags made of compostable plastic), plastic sachets or pouches. e.t.c. Apart from this, the third category is called multilayered plastic packaging, in which at least one layer is of plastic and at least one layer is of a material other than plastic. Plastic manufacturers will be obliged to tell the government through a central website how much plastic they are producing annually. It will be necessary for companies to mobilize at least 35 percent of the total plastic production in 2021-22.
At the same time, they will have to mobilize 70 percent of the total production in 2022-23 and 100 percent by 2024. Ambitious Recycling Targets By 2024, producers will have to recycle at least 50 percent of their hard plastic (Category 1), while categories 2 and 3 will have a minimum recycling limit of 30 percent. These targets will be gradually increased every year and after 2026-27, 80 per cent of category 1 plastic and 60 per cent of other categories will need to be recycled. If companies fail to meet their obligations, they will be allowed to purchase certificates on a case-by-case basis from organizations that have recycled more waste than they have set for themselves. The Central Pollution Control Bureau will create a mechanism for such transactions on the online portal. Failure to follow the rules will not result in a direct fine but an environmental compensation. However, it has not been clarified in the rules yet how much the compensation will be. According to Kishore P Sampath, president of All India Plastic Manufacturers Association, the process of recycling will be organized, these rules were being discussed between the government and the plastic industry for a long time. For a long time, these plastic industries were instructed by the government to reshape themselves.
Single-use plastics are a very small part of this industry and now the time has come for them to try to save their industry by making other types of plastics. On the problems faced in collecting such waste like small pouches and sachets in India, he said, “It will always be a challenge to collect such waste. India does not yet have the basic facilities to manage such waste but from somewhere else.” So let’s start. I think it’s a good start. Compostable plastic packaging is also one way, which is being designed keeping in mind the environment keeping in mind the small packing needs of Indian consumers. It is easy to dispose of.” Kishor P Sampath claims that about 70 percent of plastic products in India are still recycled. He says, “The place of the rag pickers is crucial in this whole process, who segregate the plastic products from other waste.” Knowledgeable now that the process is organized and the serious health consequences of the people involved in the process. The effects are also expected to subside.