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politics on pollution prevention

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The level of air pollution in Delhi increases every year in winter but permanent steps are missing to prevent it. Politics dominates even on a topic like pollution and governments are busy baking their own political bread. On November 13, when Supreme Court Chief Justice NV Ramana said that he could not breathe even inside his house, then pollution in Delhi The level had not dropped dangerously the first time. This happens every year in October-November. But despite this, neither the Delhi government is able to stop this situation from repeating every year nor the central government. Even the two governments have a different point of view regarding the causes of pollution. Whether the real cause of pollution once again came to the fore in the Supreme Court on 15 November when the central government told the court that internal factors were more responsible for Delhi’s pollution and that of the crops being burnt in neighboring states. Only 10 percent of the impact of stubble smoke is contributed. The Delhi government does not agree with this and it consistently gives 30-40 percent of the contribution of stubble smoke in pollution. Rather, Vikas Singh, the counsel for one of the petitioners who approached the court, also said that the Center had earlier said in one of its meetings that stubble smoke contributes 35 per cent. Even before this, the central government has told the contribution of stubble burning to be less than 10 percent, but the Delhi government says that in the same affidavit, the central government has given both four percent and 35-40 percent figures.

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This means that till date it is not even clear what are the main causes of pollution in Delhi. In such a situation, how will an effective policy for prevention of pollution be made? This contradiction is also visible in the studies of different institutes. Delhi-based think tank Center for Science and Environment (CSE) says that this year’s stubble smoke has contributed 12 percent of Delhi’s pollution. Yes, three days after Diwali i.e. on November 7, it had increased to 48 percent. According to CSE, its full year average was 17 percent in 2020, 14 percent in 2019 and 16 percent in 2018. According to another organization, The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), the contribution of stubble is only six percent. This means that till date it has not been clearly proved that what are the reasons for the pollution of Delhi. Finding out is the first step to find a solution and if the government has not yet climbed the first step, then it should be understood that the destination is still far away.

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