A study led by Oxford University claims that the lockdown caused by Kovid-19 in recent times may reduce bacterial diseases such as pneumonia, meningitis, and sepsis. Infectious disease specialist and Professor David Murdoch, Dean of the University of Otago, Christchurch, was also part of this study. He says the global lockdown reduced the spread of deadly invasive bacterial diseases and potentially saved millions of lives.
The most common diseases caused by invasive bacteria – pneumonia, meningitis, and sepsis – are the cause of deaths worldwide, especially among children and older adults. Like coronaviruses, these pathogens are also transmitted through the nose and mouth.
Reportedly, in 2016 itself, there were more than 33.6 million cases of lower respiratory infections worldwide. It was believed that 24 lakh people died due to these diseases. The study showed that between January and May 2020, a decrease in invasive bacterial infections has been observed in all countries. Compared to the last two years, there have been an average of around 6000 fewer cases in each country.
It has been found in the study that diseases caused by invasive but non-respiratory bacterial species are not reduced. This demonstrates that the COVID-19 lockdown has not significantly disturbed the disease reporting methods.
A 67 percent reduction in Streptococcus pneumoniae infections within four weeks has been observed due to Kovid-19 prevention measures. In eight weeks, this decline was about percentage. However, the infection did not subside due to Streptococcus algalactia.
According to a Times of India report, the researchers believe the decrease in cases of invasive respiratory bacterial infections was due to fewer person-to-person transmission rather than disruption in medical care or disease reporting. Investigators have emphasized vaccination against these diseases, with the Kovid-19 restrictions relaxed.
Angela Bruggemann, involved in the study, stated, “These results clearly demonstrate that Kovid-19 prevention measures reduce the transmission of other respiratory pathogens and related diseases, but they also place a heavy burden on society to be cautious Should be considered.”
The researchers studied data from national laboratories and monitoring programs from 26 countries and regions of six continents. He analyzed data on national COVID-19 policies and prevention measures with the help of the Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker.