On the 74th anniversary of India’s independence, the picture of happiness and prosperity in India is constantly being presented by the central government, but the country is still not completely out of the clutches of poverty, unemployment and inflation. 74th anniversary of India’s independence But the central government has started the campaign ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’. Prime Minister Narendra Modi said in a program about this, “The 75th anniversary of independence will be such that there will be a glimpse of the pride of Sanatan India and the shine of modern India”. A picture of opulence is being projected but at present this country is facing unparalleled levels of poverty, unemployment and inflation. Here democracy, freedom of the press, civil rights and the economy are all facing tremendous pressure. In pictures: Celebrating Independence Day Professor Abhay Kumar Dubey at the Center for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS) says, “Indian democracy has developed in three phases. In the first phase i.e. till the era of Indira Gandhi, people only got the right to vote. was, they did not have active participation in politics. In the second phase its base developed through decentralization of politics and reservation etc. In the third phase it was expected that its quality would also be good but it did not happen but it got worse in the last 17 years This is the specific contradiction of Indian democracy.” In this article, we have tried to measure the present India on 7 scales to know whether independent India has achieved enough in 74 years. Politics could not become inclusive Till now politics in India has not become inclusive. Muslims, who constitute about 14 percent of India’s population, are only 4.7 percent in the current Lok Sabha. Whereas in the first Lok Sabha where women members were 4.4 percent. Since then this figure has increased to only 11.8 percent. Similarly, in 1952, women members in Rajya Sabha were 7.5 percent, which has increased to only 11.6 percent by 2021.
Although many women have held big political positions in India, the Women’s Reservation Bill, which reserves 33 percent seats for women in the Lok Sabha and all the state assemblies, has been hanging since its passage in the Rajya Sabha in 2010. It is obvious that in 74 years, India has failed miserably to involve half the population in the policy making process for the country. It is also common here to become the leader of criminals. According to a report by the Association for Democratic Reforms, 43% of the current Lok Sabha members have criminal cases registered against them. Major threat to civil liberties The Freedom in the World 2021 report describes India’s political status as ‘partly independent’. Deterioration in India’s position has been attributed to loss of media freedom, rise of narrow Hindutva interests, decline in internet freedom, targeting of specific communities against the virus, crackdown on protesters and new religious conversion laws. The allegation of spying on prominent people of society through Pegasus also shows the poor state of civil liberties. In pictures: Among the attackers of the media, Modi also releases the ‘World Press Freedom Index’, a French NGO named Reporters Without Borders. In this list, in the year 2021, India has been placed at 142nd place in the list of 180 countries. The use of government agencies to control the media, the use of means such as defamation, sedition and contempt are the reasons for this poor ranking. Experts say that apart from journalists, the law of sedition is being used openly against social workers as well. Due to this, the image of Indian democracy at the international level is constantly being tarnished. Deteriorating condition of the judiciary The suspicious death of Judge BH Loya of the Bombay High Court had tarnished the image of the judiciary in India. Questions were also raised on this matter by convening a historic press conference in the year 2018 by the judges of the Supreme Court in India. Serious questions were once again raised on the independence of the judiciary in India after Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi was made a member of the Rajya Sabha at the end of his term. Recently, the case of the death of social activist Stan Swamy once again raised questions on the judiciary. According to Abhay Kumar Dubey, the government is also responsible for the disturbances in the judiciary. He says, “Democracy has three organs, the executive, the legislature and the judiciary.
Political power is not with the legislature and the judiciary, only with the executive. At present the executive has become very powerful. He is also responsible for the disturbances of the judiciary. If these disturbances are to be removed, then the executive has to be restrained.” Lack of strong opposition BJP has been accused of buying opposition MLAs to form the government in the states. It is also made fun of. Many big leaders of the main opposition Congress of India have joined the BJP and before the elections in a state, it is common for the leaders of the main opposition party to switch sides and join the BJP. See: When and when the government said, there is no data. While the ruling BJP is accused of tightening the noose on opposition leaders through government institutions, the opposition parties have also historically weakened. There is a BJP government in the states at present. Regional parties are in power in some states, but they cannot be considered a national alternative to the BJP. That is why most of the recent agitations in India have been done by citizens. no remarkable growth over the years Could not launch. Professor Abhay Kumar Dubey says, “The government also has a role in this. It makes the opposition illegal by using tools like the media.” Shortcomings in the rule of law According to experts, the situation on this front has not changed much since independence. Immediately before independence, India had witnessed a period of tremendous political violence in Bengal. In West Bengal, even after the recently concluded assembly elections, there was a tremendous period of violence. India’s National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has recommended a CBI inquiry into the “heinous crimes like murder and rape” that took place during this period. Dozens of such cases of violence against Muslims in India can be counted, in which the accused have been let off. Recently, Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment Ramdas Athawale, in response to a question in the Rajya Sabha, said that in 2019, 11.
There has been an increase of 5 per cent and the conviction rate of the accused in these cases also remains low. The same is the case with the poor. The Supreme Court itself has also made such an admission that the justice system works differently for the poor and the rich. Citizens due to discrimination, how to fulfill their duties, experts say that citizens say that as soon as all citizens are normal in India, but it is not so. In such a situation, who can take good advantage of the resources of the state and who can perform the duty, it depends on their situation. For this, Abhay Kumar Dubey gives the example of Other Backward Castes (OBC). He says, “Economically strong OBC castes are ahead and agricultural OBC castes lag behind, while both make up about half of the community,” he says. In Pictures: People in Slavery The government is the most responsible because it is the biggest agency of the country. Due to wrong policies, the gap between citizens in terms of social, economic, political and other resources has reached an alarming level. Despite all this, the government has developed the technology to win elections in such a way that it also uses these factors for its own purpose. Tolerance and cooperation in society The spirit of tolerance, cooperation and agreement among civil communities in India has been a topic of discussion for a long time. Every day such videos come to the fore in the country, in which incidents of violence and violence are recorded by people coming from the Muslim community for raising religious slogans like ‘Jai Shri Ram’. Experts say that politics between elections is responsible for this. In India, hatred between communities has now been made a method of political mobilization. Abhay Kumar Dubey says, “Society has nothing to do with it. It is the work of social anti-social elements. It is the radical elements with political ambition raising slogans. Had they gone, these incidents would have been happening in West Bengal and other non-BJP ruled states, in fact they are happening now only because the perpetrators know that in the state they are in, they are protected from the action of the police and judiciary. will be saved”.