From Red Fort to schools, government institutions, buildings, public places and houses, it is hoisted with great pride. Everyone showers their love on the tricolor in some form or the other. Some make a tricolor tattoo on their body, some wear tricolor or three colored clothes and some use the color of the tricolor as make-up. But do you know that after so many struggles and efforts, we Indians got the present form of the tricolor? So let’s know the interesting story of the history of the tricolor-
History of Tricolor:
The first Indian flag was hoisted on 7 August 1906 at Parsi Bagan Square in Calcutta. The flag had three stripes of green, yellow and red. Vande Mataram was written on the middle strip of the flag. The symbol of the Sun and the Moon was made on the lower bar.
The second flag of India was hoisted in Paris in 1907 by Madame Cama and her organization of exiled revolutionaries. This flag is not much different from the previous one. It had three stripes of green, yellow and orange. Vande Mataram was also written on the middle strip of this flag. The symbol of the Sun and the Moon was made on the lower bar.
Third flag –
This Indian flag was hoisted by Dr. Annie Besant and Lokmanya Tilak during the Home Rule Movement 1917. This flag had the Union Jack on the top. The flag also had the Big Dipper or Saptarishi constellation and the crescent moon and star.
Fourth flag –
In 1916, author and geophysicist Pingali Venkaiah designed a flag for the unity of the country. He had taken permission from Mahatma Gandhi before designing this flag. Gandhiji had advised him to include the spinning wheel in the flag showing the economic upliftment of India. Gandhiji had hoisted this flag in 1921. It had white stripes at the top, green in the middle and red at the bottom. This flag was considered a symbol of all communities.
A historic change was made to the Indian national flag in 1931. The Tricolor of India was approved in a resolution passed in the Congress Committee meeting. In this tricolor, saffron color was at the top, white in the middle and green at the bottom. There was a blue spinning wheel on a white stripe.
This Indian flag was accepted by the Constituent Assembly for independent India. However, instead of the spinning wheel, the Dharma Chakra of Emperor Ashoka was included in it. This flag has been the national flag of India since 1947.