The central government is considering banning both the hardline and soft factions of the All Party Hurriyat Conference of Kashmir. Questions are being raised that since August 2019, Hurriyat is inactive like this, then what is the need for this step? Media reports are claiming that preparations are on to ban both the factions of Hurriyat under UAPA. Is. After imposing such restrictions, government agencies will not only be able to stop the financial aid to these two factions, but will also help them in arresting their leaders and members. All Party Hurriyat Conference was born on 9 March 1993. At that time 26 political, social and religious organizations of Kashmir came together under its banner. The purpose of all their organizations was to take forward the demand for the separation of Kashmir from India. Ending supremacy For decades, at the behest of the Hurriyat, common Kashmiris used to take to the streets against the policies of the Center regarding Kashmir. Such demonstrations used to happen in Kashmir till 2016.
However, the Hurriyat has weakened significantly in the last two decades. In 2003 it split into two different factions and is still divided. One faction is led by Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, who is seen as the biggest spiritual leader of Kashmiris. This section is known as the moderate or soft section. Mirwaiz supports talks with Delhi demanding the right of Kashmiris to decide their own future. The second section is called the hardline or hardcore section. It was headed by Syed Ali Shah Geelani till recently. He was placed under house arrest in 2010 and has spent most of his life under house arrest since then.
In July 2020, he separated himself from the Hurriyat. What will be the effect Apart from this, in 2018 central agencies started investigation of money laundering charges against several Hurriyat leaders and prominent people associated with them, after which a series of raids and arrests took place which is still going on. On August 5, 2019, the Center effectively abrogated Article 370 of the Indian Constitution giving special status to Jammu and the state and bifurcated the state into two union territories. After this, the role of Hurriyat in the politics of Kashmir was reduced even more. That is why some experts say that by going and banning this organization lying on the dead bed, nothing special will be achieved. Senior journalist Zafar Iqbal told DW that at present, there is only speculation about this and no government notification has been issued or statement has come about it. Will terrorism flourish again? Iqbal also said that top Hurriyat leaders like Yasin Malik, Shabir Shah, Asiya Andrabi are already in jail and Geelani has become very old. In such a situation, even if there is a ban on Hurriyat, what will be its effect, it cannot be said right now.
Although some others have a different opinion. Riyaz Wani, a journalist living in Srinagar, believes that banning the organization can have many side effects. They say that by imposing the ban, the Kashmiri youth, who are angry with the Center, will have no other way than terrorism. Wani also predicts that by doing this there will be no one among the Kashmiri separatists to negotiate with the government and in such a situation, the interference of separatists sitting in Pakistan Occupied Kashmir will increase. Under Part 35 of the UAPA, the Government of India can ban organizations to engage in terrorist activities. At present there are 42 such organizations on which such bans are applicable. These include organizations like Al Qaeda, Islamic State, Lashkar-e-Taiba, Hizbul Mujahideen, LTTE, Babbar Khalsa, CPI (Maoist), ULFA, SIMI.