According to the Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA), in the year 2020-21, the lowest number of children were adopted since the year 2015-16. During this time only 3,142 children were adopted, while 3,351 children were adopted in the year 2019-20. According to the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR), between April 1, 2020 to June 5, 2021, due to the corona epidemic. During this period, 3,621 children were orphaned in India, while according to a study by the Lancet magazine, this figure is more than one lakh. During the second wave of Corona, pictures of children who lost their parents due to Kovid were also going viral on social media, with posts related to them appealing to adopt such children. Many organizations had also expressed concern on this. They feared that such activities might encourage child trafficking in India. It was also claimed in some media reports that the trafficking of children has really increased in different states of India during Corona and children orphaned due to the outbreak of the virus are being sold for Rs 2-5 lakh. Photos: The welfare of children orphaned by law In media reports, some NGOs were also held responsible for illegally selling children. It was said in the report that these traffickers are garnering customers through social media. Overall, despite the increase in the number of orphans during Corona, the rate of legal adoption of children in India has decreased in the year 2020-21. According to the Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA), the figures for the year 2020-21 are at the lowest level in five years. The pandemic is believed to be responsible for this decline. In 2019-20, 3,351 children were adopted, while in 2020-21 only 3,142 children were adopted.
This figure is the lowest since 2015-16. In 2015-16, only 3,011 children were adopted. According to the Maharashtra Women and Child Development Department, the number of adopted children in the state has decreased by more than one-third. Adoption agencies, experts and members of the prison steering committee are citing restrictions on the movement of people and limited administrative procedures. Professor Ratna Verma and Rinku Verma have written a research paper about the impact of Corona epidemic on the adoption and care of 30 million orphan children in India, in which the total number of orphans and abandoned children in India is about 30 million. has been stated. Most of these children have been abandoned by their parents due to poverty. These children sometimes become victims of child labour, trafficking and sexual abuse. Even after having such a large number of orphans, India’s adoption rate is very low. See: Impact of the pandemic on children Dr. Ratna Verma is an Assistant Professor in the School of Development Studies, Indian Institute of Health Management Research (IIHMR). Regarding the impact of Corona, she says, “The process of adopting children in India was not easy even before, after Corona it has become even more difficult. Adoptive parents have to give proof of their marriage as well as many documents. Which are later verified by the Adoption Authority.
It takes a lot of time. Now the work of government offices has been interrupted due to Corona, due to which there is a long delay in the preparation and receipt of these documents. Information about the health has to be given, after which a skilled counselor meets the parents and prepares a report, on the basis of which the process of adoption of the child proceeds. Due to the restrictions related to Corona, it has not been possible for these councilors to visit and meet people.” She says, “Corona has also made many changes in the conditions of potential parents. People have become financially weak, due to which they are not able to take care of one more member themselves. Apart from this, Corona has increased many uncertainties and people are not able to gain the confidence to adopt a child mentally.” Adoption is low, although experts say, the biggest problem people have about legal adoption. There is no information. First of all, people need to be made aware about the adoption policy. In India many government schemes are publicized, but not the adoption policy. Like other schemes, it should also be promoted. In pictures: orphans In fact, the thinking and beliefs of the Indian society are not in favor of adopting children. Here people have a strong sense of lineage and family, due to which even if people think of adopting children, most of them Adopting the children of their own relatives, sometimes this process is not legal.
Many times this thing does not even come in the record and later it becomes the root of many controversies. Experts believe that it is most important to develop a community of adoptive parents so that this step becomes normal and such people also help each other in the process of adoption. Several Laws for Adoption The laws related to adoption of children in India are the Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act, 1956 (HAMA) and the Juvenile Justice Act, 2000 (JJ Act). Before the JJ Act, non-Hindus could adopt children only under the Guardians and Wards Act, 1980 (GWA). Unlike the law applicable to Hindus, the GWA, unlike the HAMA, makes the individual the only legal guardian of the child and not the natural. In such a situation, the role of the guardian ends when the child turns 21. A major change in the adoption process came in 2015, when the Child Adoption Resource Information and Guidance System (CARINGS) was introduced. It is a central database for adoptable children and potential parents. CARINGS aims to complete the adoption process of as many children as possible without delay. Yet this adoption system has several drawbacks. The number of adopters on the website is more than 10 times that of total adoptable children. In pictures: Children living in gutters.