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Conflict between tribal groups, Myanmar safe haven; How Manipur still remains a stronghold of militancy

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On Saturday, 5 soldiers were martyred in a terrorist attack near the Myanmar border in Manipur. These include, apart from the army colonel, his wife and 8-year-old son are also involved. One thing has become clear from this deadly attack that Manipur still remains a stronghold of militancy. There has been a decline in the incidents of insurgency in Northeast India. However, Manipur still remains a hotbed of militancy. Attempts to control territorial-land resources, struggle to protect identity and implementation of the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) are the main reasons for violence in the state.

conflict between tribal groups

There are many organizations active in Manipur associated with tribal groups like Meitei, Naga, Kuki, Jomi and Hmar. The Naga, Kuki and Meiti tribes are fighting each other for regional supremacy. In fact, the Meitei community is more dominant in the state. The Naga community has demanded that some parts of it be included in the Greater Nagalim Homeland.

working under two organizations

The Home Ministry told Parliament in 2017 that there are 35 Meitei, Naga and Kuki groups operating in Manipur. Of these, 23 groups work under two organisations- United Progressive Front (UPF) and Kuki National Organization (KNO). UPF and KNO are following Suspension of Operation Agreement since August 2008.

Eight rebel organizations listed

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As of August 2021, the Ministry of Home Affairs had listed eight insurgent groups operating in Manipur. These include the People’s Liberation Army, apart from its political front Revolutionary People’s Front United National Liberation Front and Armed Front Manipur People’s Army, People’s Revolutionary Party of Kanglipak, Kanglipak Communist Party, Kangli Yaol Lamba Lup, Coordination Committee, Alliance for Socialist Unity Kanglipak and Manipur People’s Liberation. Front included.

myanmar safe haven

The attack on security forces in Churachandrapur is said to be a warning against setting up a second trading post on the Myanmar border. In fact, insurgent groups consider Myanmar as their safe haven. They feel that increasing business activity in the region will make it difficult for them to access Myanmar.

A look at Northeast India

Northeast India is equipped with 08 states-Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura
Insurgency flourished in the area due to habitat, incomplete incorporation and change in demographics of more than 200 tribal groups
claim to improve the situation
Since 2014, the security situation in the Northeast had claimed to have improved significantly, the Ministry of Home Affairs in Parliament
It was said that there was a decrease of 70 percent in the incidents of rebellion in the year 2019 as compared to the year 2013
-80 percent drop in civilian deaths, 78 percent decrease in casualties of security forces
Between 2014 and 2019, the Ministry of Home Affairs had informed about the surrender of more than 1800 rebels.
Source : Agencies

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