October 15 marks the 89th birth anniversary of APJ Abdul Kalam, former President of India, a great scientist and popular teacher. His birthday is celebrated as World Student Day. In 1997, he was awarded several prestigious awards, including the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honor. APJ Abdul Kalam, known as Missileman, was born on 15 October 19131 in Rameshwaram, Tamil Nadu. Mr. Kalam’s entire life has been dedicated to service and humanity. APJ Abdul Kalam’s full name is Abul Paki’s Zainul Abdin Abdul Kalam. He was the eleventh elected President of the Republic of India.
APJ Abdul Kalam Biography
History and Early Life of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam
Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam was born on 15 October 1931 in a Tamil Muslim family in Rameshwaram. His father’s name was Zainulbadin, he was a sailor. APJ Abdul Kalam’s mother’s name is Asim and she is a housewife. APJ Abdul Kal am had a total of five siblings. Kalam was very close to his family and always helped him. However, he is not married, he has been a bachelor all his life. By the 1920s, his family business had failed, and with the birth of Abdul Kalam, he was struggling with poverty.
Abdul Kalam started selling newspapers at an early age to help his family. In his school days he was normal in writing. But he was always ready to learn new things. He wanted to learn things and concentrated on his studies. His main interest was in mathematics.
APJ Abdul Kalam has matriculated from Schwartz High School in Ramanathapuram, Tamil Nadu. He then enrolled at St. Joseph’s College and graduated in 1954 with a degree in physics. After graduating from APJ Abdul Kalam in 1955, he moved to Madras. He completed aerospace engineering at the Institute of Technology here. His dream was to become a fighter pilot, however, he finished 9th in the test. Although the Air Force announced only eight results. Therefore, he could not succeed in it.
Education and career of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam
Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, after graduating in 1960, joined the Aeronautical Development Institute of Defense Research and Development as a scientist. Kalam worked with renowned scientist Vikram Sarabhai as part of the Indian National Committee.
APJ Abdul Kalam started his career at DRDO with a small hovercraft design. Early in his career, Kalam built a small helicopter for the Indian Army. From 1963 to 1964, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam has visited Greenbelt on the east coast of Virginia, Goddard Space Flight Center in Defense Maryland and NASA’s Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia.
Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam is said to have started work on an extensive rocket project at DRDO in 19 DR5. However, he is not very satisfied with his work here. When he was ordered to go to ISRO in 1969, he jumped for joy. There he served as project director of SLV-3. In July 1980, his team succeeded in launching the Rohini satellite near Earth orbit. It is India’s first indigenously designed and built satellite launch vehicle. Abdul Kalam received government approval in 1969 and expanded the program to include more engineers.
Here he was appointed director of the Satellite Launch Car Project in India. As a result of the success of this project, India’s first satellite ‘Rohini’ was launched into Earth orbit in 1960. Joining ISRO was the turning point in Kalam’s career and when he started working on the satellite launch car project, he felt like he was doing exactly what he thought he would do.
During 19 ––-– 4 he also went to the US space agency NASA. Atomic scientist Raja Ramanna, under whose supervision India conducted its first nuclear test, called Kalam to observe the nuclear test at Pokhran in 1974. In the seventies and eighties, Dr. Kalam became very famous in India for his work and achievements and his name became one of the renowned scientists in the country. His reputation grew so much that the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi allowed him to work on a number of secret projects without the approval of her cabinet.
Under the supervision of Dr. Kalam, the Government of India launched the ambitious ‘Integrated Guided Missile Development Program’. He was the chief executive of this project. The project has given the country missiles like fire and earth. From July 1992 to December 1999, Dr. Kalam was the Prime Minister’s Scientific Adviser and Secretary of the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO). During this period, India conducted its second nuclear test. He played an important role in this. And. Dr. Kalam was the coordinator of this project with Chidambaram. The media coverage he received at this time made him one of the largest nuclear scientists in the country.
In 1998, Soma Raju, a heart doctor with Dr. Kalam, created a low-cost coronary stent. It was named ‘Kalam-Raju Stent’.
The President of India
APJ Abdul Kalam became the presidential candidate in 2002. He defeated his rival Lakshmi Shegal by a huge margin and was sworn in as the 11th President of India on 25 July 2002. Dr. Kalam was the third President of the country to receive the Bharat Ratna before becoming President.