India is called a country of possibilities because of its young population. Education is needed to harness the possibilities. But according to the latest UNESCO report, the condition of education in India is not very good. The latest UNESCO report on the status of education in Indian has exposed the scenario of school education in the country. In the report of the United Nations Organization, it has been said that there are one lakh schools in the country in which there is only one teacher. Apart from this, 11 lakh posts of teachers are vacant in schools, of which 69 per cent are in rural areas. This report has exposed all the government claims of reforms in the field of education. A few months ago, a report of the Central Government had also revealed the picture of the plight of education. Academics have expressed deep concern over this situation. What is UNESCO’s report, UNESCO has said in its report titled ‘2021 State of Education Report for India – No Teachers, No Class’ that there are about 1.10 lakh such schools in India which are running on only one teacher. Apart from this, 11.16 lakh posts of teachers are vacant, of which 69 per cent are in schools in rural areas. States like Arunachal and Goa have the highest number of such schools. Professor Padma. A team of experts from the Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai, led by M. Sarangapani, has prepared this report in collaboration with a team from UNESCO. In order to improve the quality of education, the report has recommended recognition of teachers as frontline workers, along with identifying the districts needed to improve the conditions of employment of teachers and working conditions in rural areas. According to the report, out of the states where the posts of teachers are vacant, Uttar Pradesh tops the list with a figure of 3.30 lakh. Of these, 80 per cent posts are in rural areas. After that Bihar (2.
20 lakh) and West Bengal (1.10 lakh). It has been said in the report that there is a great disparity in this matter between rural and urban areas. Along with this, emphasis has also been laid on the need to improve the availability and recruitment of qualified teachers in the Northeast. The number of schools with one teacher in the northeastern state of Arunachal Pradesh is 18.22 percent. The number of such schools is 16.08 percent in Goa, 15.71 percent in Telangana, 14.4 in Andhra Pradesh, 13.81 in Jharkhand and 13.64 percent in Uttarakhand. In Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan this figure is 13.08 and 10.08 percent respectively. In the case of schools with only teachers, Madhya Pradesh is on top with the figure of 21 thousand. The report said that despite the average sex ratio of teachers being balanced, the imbalance between urban and rural areas is clearly visible in this matter. There are more female teachers in cities, the proportion of female teachers is higher in urban areas than in rural areas. In rural areas, 28 percent of primary school teachers are women, while in urban areas this figure is 69 percent. At the secondary level, the number of female teachers in rural areas is 24 percent, but in urban areas this figure is 53 percent. Assam, Jharkhand and Rajasthan have 39-39 per cent and Tripura has 32 per cent teachers.
In this case, Chandigarh is on top with 82 percent. It is followed by Goa (80 per cent), Delhi (74 per cent) and Kerala (78 per cent). It has been told in the report that 7.7 percent of pre-primary, 4.6 percent of primary, 3.3 percent of upper primary and 0.8 percent of secondary teachers lack proper qualifications. This figure is highest in Bihar. About 60 per cent of such teachers work in private unaided schools and 24 per cent in government. UNESCO has said that the teacher-student ratio in secondary schools is also poor. Along with this, there is a huge shortage of teachers in subjects like music, art, and physical education. But its data is not available. According to the report, it will be necessary to replace 30 percent of the existing teachers in the next 15 years due to various reasons. In such a situation, the demand for teachers will increase. For this, concrete steps are needed in this direction from now on. Concerned over the condition of schools Educationists have expressed deep concern and dismay over the condition of schools and education in the country, especially in rural areas, and appealed to take immediate concrete steps to improve this situation. Jeevan Kumar Pal, retired headmaster of a government school in Kolkata, says, “The plight of the condition of primary education, especially, is not new. The government has been making many claims for reforms in the education sector. But till now all the reports have come out. It is clear from them that the government claim has proved to be airborne. At least the appointment of teachers is in the hands of the government. But no one is paying any attention to it. Madhushree Majumdar, a primary school teacher, says, “The condition of the schools is very bad.
Most of the schools do not have teachers for the respective subjects. As a result the teacher of geography has to teach science and mathematics. In such a situation, it is not difficult to imagine the knowledge and future of these children. He suggests that the government should constitute a high-level committee to rectify the plight of the schools. After that his recommendations should be implemented seriously. Madhushree says, “Education is probably not among the priorities of the government. Children from the elite class study in expensive private schools. Perhaps that is why the attention of the government and the authorities concerned does not go to the government and other private schools.” Lack of qualification among teachers The biggest concern is also the lack of qualified teachers in schools. 60% of teachers with low qualifications are in Bihar only. This is the state from where most people migrate for studies and jobs in other provinces. The impact of the lack of qualified personnel is also visible on the economic development of the state. Where people are considering private schools as an alternative medium of education, according to this report, 60 percent of the teachers with low qualification are in private schools. UNESCO The report has also given suggestions to improve the situation in its report. In the report, suggestions like career improvement avenues for teachers, professional development and technical and computer training before the job. All national education policy reports released after 1968. It has been said that India should spend 6 percent of its gross national output on education. But according to the Economic Survey of 2019-20, 52 years after the first report, India has spent only 3.1 percent on education. Large part about 10 lakh government schools Goes to loans while a small part of it goes to government-aided schools. Private schools don’t get anything from the government.